Malaria and Pregnancy

Malaria in pregnancy is a obstetric, social and medical problem requiring multidisciplinary and multidimensional solution. Pregnant women constitute the main adult risk group for malaria and 80% of deaths due to malaria in Africa occur in pregnant women and children below 5 years. In Africa, perinatal mortality due to malaria…

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Complications in P. vivax Malaria

Plasmodium vivax and P. ovale infections are generally benign and complications leading to significant morbidity and mortality are uncommon. Although P. vivax malaria is considered to be a benign malaria, it has been increasingly reported to cause various manifestations of severe disease, including thrombocytopaenia, cerebral malaria, and acute renal, hepatic…

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Other Complications

Jaundice and Hepatic Dysfunction Jaundice is common in falciparum malaria. Most often it is caused by hemolysis and accordingly there is elevation of unconjugated bilirubin levels. Hemolysis can also elevate levels of aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT). These findings alone therefore do not imply severe hepatic dysfunction in malaria. The mild elevation…

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Anemia

Anemia is a common manifestation of all types of malaria. It is more common and poses more problems in pregnancy and children. In developing countries of the tropics, pre-existing anemia, most commonly due to malnutrition and helminthiasis, compounds the problem. In falciparum malaria, anemia can develop rapidly due to profound…

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